Bishop Carter says unborn must be included in “radically inclusive church” mission


Bishop Ken Carter
Photo courtesy of the Florida Annual Conference

by Wayne Rhodes*

WASHINGTON, D.C. — At the 26th annual Lifewatch Sanctity of Life Service Jan. 22, Bishop Kenneth H. Carter Jr. declared that the mission of a radically inclusive church must include the unborn in its inclusiveness. The bishop issued a call for United Methodists to seek a coherent social teaching, a consistent ethic of hospitality, and a compassionate witness to and for life.

Carter, the episcopal leader of Florida Annual (regional) Conference, made his remarks in the Simpson Memorial Chapel of the United Methodist Building on Capitol Hill as a part of the annual Lifewatch Sanctity of Life Service of Worship. This service is traditionally held on the morning preceding afternoon rallies in the nation’s capital both for and against the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark abortion decision Roe vs. Wade.

In preaching at the annual Lifewatch worship service, Carter joined United Methodist bishops, Timothy Whittaker, Will Willimon and Scott Jones who did so previously. The service is sponsored by the Taskforce of United Methodists on Abortion & Sexuality. Founded in 1987, the taskforce’s goal is to work to create in church and society esteem for human life at its most vulnerable, specifically for the unborn child and for the woman who contemplates abortion.

Carter described The United Methodist Church as having “incoherent social teaching” that stems from “theological chaos.” “We are polarized,” he said, “and here we mirror the culture, as Methodists so often do.”

The result of this polarization is division, according to Carter, into two theological camps: one a theology of prevenient grace and social holiness; the other a theology of repentance, justifying grace and personal holiness.

The first leads to “a kind of works righteousness,” which the bishop said is a difficult path. “The world resists all of our efforts to bring about change,” he said, “and a malaise or depression ensues.” He said some observers point to this as what’s “killing the mainline church” in the United States.

Carter explained that the second approach takes one aspect of the evangelical movement, then “separates it from the necessary social and contextual realities that shape us.” He said those realities undergird a call for engagement that “runs like a thread” from the eighth century prophets to Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount to the Letter of James to the journals of John Wesley.

Neither approach “captures the fullness of our rich and robust theological tradition as Wesleyans,” Carter said, “which includes a grace more pervasive than we can imagine, in space and time, and a holiness that is more comprehensive than we are inclined to grasp.”

Carter asserted that recovery of a coherent theology of grace and holiness, and a rejection of the partisan political captivity of the church could lead to a coherent social teaching. “I do wonder if Methodism could abandon its present partisan political captivity and join the evangelical and catholic consensus in regard to life?” he asked.

The bishop explained that a consistent ethic of hospitality “represents a continuum from conception to death, from the individual to the creation, from interventions in and support of the lives of unborn children and their pregnant mothers, trafficked and enslaved young people, endangered coal miners, incarcerated young men on death row, tortured prisoners of war, the dignity of the aged, and the fragile ecosystems upon which we all depend.”

A consistent ethic of life cuts across political proclivities, according to Carter, and moves to a deeper level of values and principles. “The gospel is always on the side of life because God is creator of life,” the bishop emphasized, “Jesus comes so that we may have life, the Spirit descends to renew the face of the earth.”

Carter asked whether the rhetoric of inclusion would be more coherent, possess more integrity and “become more cruciform” if it were to include all the strangers we are to welcome according to the example of Matthew 25.

“A consistent ethic of hospitality would call us to welcome the unborn as the stranger,” Carter said.

The bishop added a caveat. “We must acknowledge the complexity in calling women to be agents of hospitality in making space for the unborn,” he said, when they have often been the victims of brutal hostility.” It is important to confess that this context is present more often than is acceptable, he pointed out.

“Violence toward women demands our systematic, communal and individual responses,” Carter stressed.

The bishop said he reread the Social Principle on abortion in the “Book of Discipline,” the denomination’s book of laws. Carter said he read the 1988 and the 2012 versions. In those ensuing years, he said the statement has gone from one to nine paragraphs.

“It is more nuanced,” the bishop said, “and yet it is an imperfect statement. We have not adequately examined what it says about creation, covenant and context.” He said the denomination would benefit from the language of gifts instead of rights, for example.

“There are aspects to this work in progress for which I give thanks,” Carter said, and cited those as encouragement of adoptions, lament of high abortion rates, opposition to late-term abortion, affirmation of crisis ministries.

The bishop said it nonetheless could be more coherent with who we are. “The statement [¶162J] is silent on the role of Christian community in welcoming children,” he said, “and it fails to reflect on the context of violence and poverty that shape the lives of expectant mothers across the planet.”

The church can and must pay more attention to contexts, among the violation of sexual boundaries, violence and poverty, according to Carter. “And we need not pit these against one another,” he said.

The bishop called for a renewed engagement with the very ground of the abortion argument. “To offer a compassionate witness in word and in action,” he said, “is to come alongside persons in their season of greatest vulnerability.”

Carter said the sanctity of life is so important. “We must find a coherent way, as United Methodists, of bearing witness, of, in the language of the New Testament, ‘giving an account for the hope that is within us’ (1 Peter).”

“A consistent ethic of hospitality is possible only as it is set within the context of a compassionate witness to and for life,” Carter said, “which we believe to be a gift, a fragile and sacred trust.”

*Wayne Rhodes is the Director of Communications for the General Board of Church and Society, located in Washington D.C.

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The United Methodist Reporter wants to encourage lively conversation about The United Methodist Church and our articles in the belief that Christian conversation (what Wesley would call conferencing) is a means of grace. While we support passionate debate, we cannot allow language that demeans or demonizes others, and we reserve the right to delete any comment we believe to be harmful or inappropriate. We encourage all to remember that we are all broken and in need of Christ's grace, and that we all see through the glass darkly until that time we when reach full perfection in love. May your speech here be tempered with love, and reflection of the fruits of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. After all, "There is no law against things like this." (Galatians 5:22-23)
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BeckyGearyWes AndrewsDL HerringSarah Recent comment authors
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I am a woman UMC clergy. I am encouraged that our denomination supports legalized abortion which gives economic and personal freedom to women. Check out women in cultures having 10 children, dying in child birth because birth control and abortions have been denied and tell me that we should call that God’s grace. We don’t condone abortion for gender choice or birth control, so it isn’t a free for all.

Cheryel Lemley-McRoy

We must remember that whether or not one considers abortion to be murder, depends upon your religious beliefs and dogma. Not all religions, and some Christian denominations, consider abortion murder. And they have valid scripture to defend their position. We cannot impose our religious beliefs on another. When a woman seeks an abortion, our position should be to love and serve her.


Ms. Cheryel Lemley-McRoy:
Kindly site scripture(s) that say abortion is ok. Thank you.

in 1998 my wife and I were blessed to be on a singing mission trip to Italy. On the tour with us was a young woman who had an abortion some years before. She was STILL troubled by the memory and hurting because of that decision–years later.

Wes Andrews
Wes Andrews

james, people who think from the left justify anything based on absolutely nothing. Cheryel, abortion takes human life. That is a medical fact. The church is supposed to fight for justice on behalf of the powerless. That is a Biblical mandate. One of the greatest injustices of our time is perpetuated by the politically powerful feminist movement. One of the greatest lies of our time is perpetuated by the same people, that abortion is an acceptable solution to a temporary problem. What twisted thinking: the left fights with all its might to win the battle over same-sex “marriage”, and fights… Read more »


Bishop Carter has come out fully in support of same-sex marriage & unborn life.
wrap your mind around that Wes.

Wes Andrews
Wes Andrews

Well, he’s right about wrong about one and right about the other…. but I’ll give him credit when credit is due. Killing unborn children is tragic….


Really? Just where do you find Bishop Carter’s support of same-sex marriage? I listen pretty intently to what he has said and I don’t find that statement of yours to be true.

DL Herring
DL Herring

Cheryel, A Fetus is a living human being just as sure as an Infant or Toddler. This IS a religious and human-rights issue, and telling people how to live Godly lives is the business of the Church! Abortion is a sin against God and all humanity. Yes, when a woman seeks an abortion, our position should be to love her. Enabling an abortion of convenience is not being loving. All life has sacred worth to God and we should do whatever is necessary to ensure and protect the lives of God’s unborn children. “Before I formed you in the womb… Read more »

Larry H

The real challenge here is to offer true supportive services to those that may have a life changing decision ahead of them. Too often we think it is simply OK to say, “Have that baby” and not provide the safety net to enable that. We must separate the political, agree that a personal choice must be made, and offer true supportive services. Without that, this is just more political rhetoric.

Jim McWhinnie

Such a wondrous depth of consideration of this issue that has so divided us. Thank you, Bishop Carter. I fear we are torn between two points of view which are each insufficient in themselves, both filled with passion and compassion, yet limited in their being woven into a far greater fabric of “creation, covenant and context”.

We seem to make little progress when we state the argument from two poles; possibly there is a “trinitarian” dynamic which will guide us forward into a fuller, more perfect understanding.

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