Conference sues breakaway church over assets

Photo by Paul Black, Illinois Great Rivers Conference

Photo by Paul Black, Illinois Great Rivers Conference

By Heather Hahn*

UMNS — The Illinois Great Rivers Conference filed a lawsuit Aug. 6 seeking to keep property now used by a breakaway congregation.

The lawsuit, filed in Illinois’ Pulaski County Circuit Court, asks for a permanent injunction that would bar the church from “occupying, possessing or otherwise exercising control over the real and personal property.”Ohio Chapel Church in Grand Chain, Illinois, formerly Ohio Chapel United Methodist Church, declared its independence from The United Methodist Church in March. The church told the conference it wanted to be “more self-governing,” said Paul Black, the conference’s director of communication ministries.Neither the Rev. Tammy Horn, Ohio Chapel’s pastor, nor the congregation’s attorney immediately returned requests for comment from United Methodist News Service.

The Illinois Great Rivers case follows a highly publicized property settlement between the Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and a fast-growing church that left the denomination. In that case, Wesley Church of Quarryville, Pennsylvania, paid the conference $100,000 for the church buildings and land, along with an additional $58,000 in other conference obligations.

Role of trust clause

One difference between those two cases, Black said, is that conference leadership “believes there is still viable ministry to be done there (in Grand Chain) in the name of The United Methodist Church.”

Another difference is in application of The United Methodist Church’s trust clause, part of the Book of Discipline, the denomination’s law book.

The trust clause, which dates to 1797, states that local church properties are held “in trust” for the denomination, even if the church’s name is on the deed.

Black noted that in Eastern Pennsylvania, the departing congregation acknowledged “that the trust clause applied.”

The Illinois Great Rivers Conference’s suit asks the court to declare that all property used by Ohio Chapel is held under the trust clause. It also calls for the conference to receive an accounting of all assets held by Ohio Chapel.

Steve Lambert, general counsel for the denomination’s General Council on Finance and Administration, said rarely do trust clause disputes end in litigation. His legal services departmentprovides counsel across the denomination.

He said the denomination’s trust clause has faced court challenges before, but with few exceptions, courts have upheld it for more than 100 years.

Bishop Jonathan D. Keaton, who leads the Illinois Great Rivers Conference, is on rest and renewal leave and not available for comment.

Background on case

According to the Pulaski County history published in 1987, Ohio Chapel was organized in 1890 and held its first services in 1892. As of 2013, the church in far southern Illinois had 48 members and an average weekly attendance of 51.

In March, Ohio Chapel members sent a letter to the bishop and the Rev. Roger Russell, the Cache River District superintendent, saying the church wanted to leave The United Methodist Church and asking to be released from the trust clause.

“I thought that meant they were going to leave the denomination and relocate,” Russell said.

Horn, a part-time local pastor appointed to the Ohio Chapel for the past 11 years, notified Russell in April that she would discontinue her relationship with The United Methodist Church on June 30. She remains with the Ohio Chapel congregations.

Russell said Horn and the congregation’s desire to leave took him somewhat by surprise.

The church’s March letter did mention the denomination’s ongoing debate regarding homosexualityas a source of concern. But Russell said congregants later told the bishop that this particular issue was not the main reason for leaving. “They wanted to choose their own pastor in the future,” Russell said.

The church and conference leadership had dialogue throughout the spring, but to no avail.

New pastor’s chilly reception

Matters came to a head in July after the bishop appointed the Rev. Alan Milligan to serve as the congregation’s pastor. Milligan also serves as the conference’s evangelist and pastor of nearby Karnak and Olmstead United Methodist churches. The Karnak and Ohio Chapel congregations have jointly held vacation Bible school with Ohio Chapel for years.

When Milligan arrived July 5 to lead worship, Ohio Chapel members met him in the parking lot and said he would not be allowed entry to conduct worship. Milligan then held a brief prayer service in the parking lot.

When Milligan returned the following Sunday, he was met this time by a Pulaski County deputy sheriff, who advised him that “no uninvited guests” would be permitted on the grounds of the church property. The deputy then said the congregation considered Milligan an uninvited guest.

Ever since, Milligan has held a prayer service in the cemetery across from the church with his wife and a few Karnak members in attendance. No member of Ohio Chapel has participated.

Milligan stressed that it’s a challenging situation. He regards Horn and others at the church as friends. Last week, members of Karnak and Ohio Chapel again joined together at Karnak’s facility to hold vacation Bible school for nearly 90 youngsters.

No one mentioned the dispute, he said. Milligan said his prayer is that what God wants happens, and that it happens quickly.

“When the dust is all settled,” he said, “we’re all going to have to live together down here.”

*Hahn is a multimedia news reporter for United Methodist News Service. Contact her at (615) 742-5470 or

This story originally published at

United Methodist News Service

United Methodist News Service is the official news gathering agency of the United Methodist Church, and a division of United Methodist Communications. Mandated by the United Methodist Book of Discipline, UMNS provides news stories to communicators throughout the world.

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The United Methodist Reporter wants to encourage lively conversation about The United Methodist Church and our articles in the belief that Christian conversation (what Wesley would call conferencing) is a means of grace. While we support passionate debate, we cannot allow language that demeans or demonizes others, and we reserve the right to delete any comment we believe to be harmful or inappropriate. We encourage all to remember that we are all broken and in need of Christ's grace, and that we all see through the glass darkly until that time we when reach full perfection in love. May your speech here be tempered with love, and reflection of the fruits of love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. After all, "There is no law against things like this." (Galatians 5:22-23)
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Don P.Buddy WhatleyElaine TPaul W.Kevin Recent comment authors
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Buddy Whatley
Buddy Whatley

If one party to a contract breaks that contract; it’s no longer binding on the other party. By not upholding the Discipline of the UMC, our bishops have broken the contract with the churches under their authority and the contract is therefore broken and void?


And so it begins. For those of you who objected to an amicable separation protocol this is what we get instead. Bitter court fights. As the Episcopal Church has discovered the trust clause enforcement varies from state to state. When deciding on neutral principals of law it is the name on the deed that counts. Are we ready to spend tens of millions of dollars or can we separate as friends?

Elaine T
Elaine T

This is confusing. The article makes comment that there were two differences with the Quarryville church. The first comment inferred that the EPA conference had decided there wasn’t an opportunity for a viable ministry there. Quarryville is in Pennsylvania’s Bible belt where there are always new churches starting up or large ones creating a new campus. The other is the initial comment that the Ohio Chapel did in March ask to be released from the trust clause. Then the remark by Paul Black in comparing the two churches he seemed to be saying that Ohio Chapel didn’t recognize that there… Read more »

Paul W.
Paul W.

This is a strange situation, so I don’t want to pre-judge the matter. Some of the statements make no sense, e.g., the church asked in writing to be released from the trust clause, however the DS then claims, without disputing that they asked to be released from the trust clause, that he believed the church wished only to relocate. This might be simply a failure on the DS’s part (although a DS who doesn’t understand the trust clause probably shouldn’t be a DS, so this makes no sense either). The one stance I will take is that is that it… Read more »

Don P.
Don P.

Have to agree with Buddy. Don’t know how you can hold Ohio Chapel’s feet to the fire when the General Conference did not do their duty and release the admitted Gay Ministers from their duties in the United Methodist Church. A majority of us still believe that the Bible is the word of God.

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